On-line version ISSN 0717-7194
MANRIQUEZ, Karin Sánchez. The entry of chilean women in university and the changes in customs through law 1872-1877.Translated byCristina Labarca. Historia (Santiago) [online]. 2006, vol.2Selected edition, pp. 0-0. ISSN 0717-7194.
This article reconstructs the process that culminated in the "Decreto Amunátegui", which allowed Chilean women to apply for university, and analyzes the polemic it caused in public opinion. To this end, there is a recount of the initiatives by two female secondary high school directors, Antonia Tarragó and Isabel Le Brun (1872 and 1876), for the recognition of their students'exams to apply to the Universidad de Chile. Press commentaries on their unsuccessful efforts contributed to building up the political environment for the signing, in February, 1877, by Miguel Luis Amunátegui, Minister of Education, of the decree facilitating the admittance of women to higher education. This article reflects on the significance of this decree in the context of the underlying secularization process, by paying special attention to the conflict expressed in the positions adopted by the Catholic and liberal presses. The conclusion is that these discussions express the tension between tradition and modernity taking place in Chilean culture during the second half of the 19th century.
Keywords : feminine education; secularization; press; public opinion.