SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

BRANCO, Sergio. Brazilian copyright law and how it restricts the efficiency of the human right to education.Translated byBarney Whiteoak. Sur [online]. 2007, vol.3Selected edition, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1806-6445.

    2. E. G. Méndez, "Origin, Concept and Future of Human Rights: Reflections for a New Agenda", SUR – International Journal on Human Rights, Vol. 1. Human Rights University Network, 2004, p. 12. [ Links ]

    3. R. Borges, Eu & Fim de Semana section, Valor Econômico newspaper, Rio de Janeiro, 16 July 2004, p. 10. [ Links ]

    Moreover, according to Lesley Ellen Harris, a Canadian lawyer, "IP accounts for more than 20 percent of world trade, which equals approximately US$ 740 billion (the author is most likely referring to annual amounts). L.E. Harris, Digital Property – The Currency of the 21st. Century, Toronto, McGraw Hill, 1998, p. 17.
    [ Links ]

    4. On this subject, see A. de Cupis, Os Direitos da Personalidade, Campinas, Romana, 2004, p. 24, [ Links ]

    5. D. B. Barbosa, Uma Introdução à Propriedade Intelectual, 2nd ed, Rio de Janeiro, Lumen Juris, 2003, pp. 71-72. [ Links ]

    8. W. M. Landes & R. A. Posner, The Economic Structure of Intellectual Property Law, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2003, pp. 18-19. [ Links ]

    9. Thomas Jefferson said about ownership of ideas, unlike material goods: "Its peculiar character, too, is that no one possesses the less, because every other possesses the whole of it", cited by Ronald Bettig, in R. V. Bettig, Copyrighting Culture – The Political Economy of Intellectual Property, Boulder, Westview Press, 1996, p. 79. [ Links ]

    10. R. Lemos, Direito, Tecnologia e Cultura, Rio de Janeiro, Ed. FGV, 2005, p. 13. [ Links ]

    13. R. Lemos, "A Revolução das Formas Colaborativas", Mais section, Folha de São Paulo newspaper, São Paulo, April 18, 2004, p. 10. [ Links ]

    15. Clearing is the act of obtaining all the necessary licenses for the use of third party works that appear in movies, albeit incidentally, to avoid potential complications upon the release of the work. "Twelve Monkeys", a 1995 film directed by Terry Gilliam, had its release legally suspended because an artist claimed that the film showed a chair of his own design. L. Lessig, The Future of Ideas – The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World, New York, Random House, 2001, p. 4. [ Links ]

    17. M. Rose, Authors and Owners – The Invention of Copyright, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1993, p. 2 [ Links ]

    19. M.E.R. JUNDI, "Das Limitações aos Direitos Autorais", Direito Autoral magazine, Year 1, Number 1, Rio de Janeiro, Lumen Juris, August 2004, p. 175. [ Links ]

    21. E. Y. Abrão, Direitos de Autor e Direitos Conexos, São Paulo, Ed. do Brasil, 2002, p. 148. [ Links ]

    22. In the United Kingdom, it is called fair dealing, although it has different characteristics. Since 1911, fair dealing has evolved to include the general clause characteristic of fair use, as well as the legislative specifications that bring it in line with the continental European system and, consequently, the Brazilian system for determining the conducts that do not violate copyright. J. O. Ascensão, "O Fair Use no Direito Autoral", Direito da Sociedade e da Informação, Vol IV, Coimbra, Coimbra Editores, 2003, p. 95. [ Links ]

    27. S. Vaidhyanathan, Copyrights and Copywrongs: The Rise of Intellectual Property and How it Threatens Creativity, New York, New York University Press, 2001, p. 27. [ Links ]

    29. L. Lessig, Free Culture – How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity, New York, The Penguin Press, 2004, pp. 95-99. [ Links ]

    31. G. C. Carboni, A Função Social do Direito de Autor e sua Regulamentação no Brasil, São Paulo, Ed. Juruá, 2006. [ Links ]

    36. E. G. Méndez, "Origin, Concept and Future of Human Rights: Reflections for a New Agenda", SUR – International Journal on Human Rights, Vol. 1, Sur Human Rights University Network, 2004, p. 9. [ Links ]

    37. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), available at <>, accessed on December 17, 2006. [ Links ]

    39. On this topic, see F. Piovesan, "Social, Economic and Cultural Rights and Civil and Political Rights", SUR – International Journal on Human Rights, Vol. 1. Human Rights University Network, 2004. [ Links ]