Jeffrey Hoff JEFFREY HOFF

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Estudos Sociedade e Agricultura

Print version ISSN 1413-0580

Abstract

MENDONCA, Sonia Regina de. The two dichotomies of agricultural education in Brazil (1930-1960).Translated byJeffrey Hoff. Estud.soc.agric. [online]. 2006, vol.2Selected edition, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1413-0580.

(The two dichotomies of agricultural education in Brazil, 1930-1960). The debate over rural education in Brazil reached a peak in the 1920’s. On one hand was a group that defended literacytraining for rural workers and on the other one that emphasized vocational training. Between the 1930’s and 1950’s, this controversy involved innumerable State agencies. The post-World War II context facilitated ties between Brazil and the United States. From this arose a group of "cooperation" treaties, responsible not only for consolidation of the "ruralizing" vector in agricultural education, but also for its redefinition, transmuting its educational dimension into "technical assistance". In this realm, "agricultural education" in Brazil consolidated technically oriented discourses and practices that denied the existence of social conflicts in the countryside and consecrated a subaltern identity for rural workers.

Keywords : Agriculture; rural education; Brazil-US; rural extension.

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