Revista de Sociologia e Política
Print version ISSN 0104-4478
SILVA, Ricardo V.. A dictatorship against the republic: economic policy and political power in Roberto Campos.Translated byMeryl Adelman. Rev. Sociol. Polit. [online]. 2007, vol.3Selected edition, pp. 0-0. ISSN 0104-4478.
This article examines Roberto Campos' political thought from 1950-1970. During this period, in addition to holding important governmental positions, Campos also devoted himself to struggles in the terrain of ideas, publishing a large number of articles and essays. Our hypothesis is that his political thought sees the institutionalization of an authoritarian political system as the most adequate for the cultural and political conditions of Brazilian society. The main characteristic of this type of system is the hypertrophy of State executive power - in relation to other republican powers - under military and technocratic command. The main function of the hypertrophied executive is the collaboration with and implementation of institutional reforms and "rational" economic policies, against the supposedly particularist and irrational resistance of different sectors of Brazilian society. This view clashes head on with Campos´ suggestion that the regime that was instituted after 1964 represents a sort of updating, under prevailing societal conditions, of the ancient Roman republic institution of the "comissary dictatorship", in which the election of a dictator for a short period of time in order to contain possible threats to republican institutions was permitted.
Keywords : Brazilian political thought; authoritarianism; comissary dictatorship; Roberto Campos; republic.