Print version ISSN 0104-026X
MENEZES, Rachel Aisengart and HEILBORN, Maria Luiza. Gender inflexion in the construction of a new medical specialty.Translated byRegina Camargo. Estud. fem. [online]. 2008, vol.4Selected edition, pp. 0-0. ISSN 0104-026X.
This article presents the constitution of a new medical specialty, Palliative Care, directed to patients "out of therapeutic possibilities". The concept emerged around 1960 in England and was implemented in Brazil a couple of years before 1990. It is characterized by an active attendance of the dying process. It postulates a "spiritual assistance" to the patient and his/her family members, including the emotional universe. Ethnographical observation and interviews with Brazilian professionals showed a majority of women among the health teams involved in this proposal. This article discusses and analyses the connection between the construction of the specialty and gender representation among these professionals that reflects popular social images about death, beliefs, emotions and the roles played by women and men in these subjects.
Keywords : Gender; Medical Profession; Life and Death.