Deborah Neale DEBORAH NEALE

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Abstract

MEDEIROS, Marcelo. Family composition and income from work of the affluent.Translated byDeborah Neale. Dados [online]. 2005, vol.1Selected edition, pp. 0-0. ISSN 0011-5258.

Fair distributive measures require good knowledge about the rich. To evaluate the extent to which persons are rich because they live in families of a specific composition I test three hypothesis about the inequalities between the rich and the non-rich that relate the better situation of the rich to: 1.a particular demographic structure (fertility levels, position in the life course, etc.); 2. a higher use of the available labor (workforce participation and employment rates, length of work shift); 3.to the occupation of better positions in the labor market (higher remuneration). The test of hypotheses is based on a decomposition of the per capita income of the families, using data from the Brazilian National Household Sample Surveys (PNADs) of 1997, 1998, and 1999. The results suggest that the existence of a rich elite in the country is explained mostly by inequalities in workers' remuneration rather than by the demographic profile of the population or by the participation and employment rates for workers of the families.

Keywords : elites; rich; wealth; social inequality; family structure.

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